Altar of Burnt Offerings
Altar-of-Burnt-Offerings
Laver
Laver
Golden Candlestick
Golden Candlestick
Table of Shewbread
Table of Shewbread
Altar of Incense
Altar of Insense
Ark of the Covenant
Ark of the Covenant

“O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us walk in the light of the LORD.

Isaiah 2:5

“Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.

John 3:5

“Behold, I am the law, and the light.  Look unto me, and endure to the end, and ye shall live; for unto him that endureth to the end will I give eternal life.

3 Nephi 15:9


The golden candlestick is a symbol of the Lord Jesus Christ with respect to design, location, and function.

Golden Candlestick Detail

The images of the candlestick depicted in this website represent my artistic interpretation of the scriptures.  The only historical records of the design of the candlestick are from the Arch of Titus in Rome, which depicts the sacking of Jerusalem and the temple in 70 AD, and a recent excavation of a 2,000 year old synagogue.  My design represents the image of the candlestick as found in this two historical depictions with modifications based on the scriptural record.

Design

The design of the candlestick resembled a flowering tree.  The revelation that Moses received for the design is found in Exodus 25:31-39.

“And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same. And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side: Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick. And in the candlestick shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers. And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick. Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold. And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it. And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold. Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.”

The following image illustrates the various terms used in these verses and how they are incorporated into this design.

The candlestick was formed from one talent of gold which was approximately 30 kilograms, which would be worth approximately $1,549,987 Federal Reserve Notes (aka U.S. Dollars). [1]  The branches of the main shaft, the use of almond fruit imagery and flowers are all indicative of a flowering tree.

Location

The candlestick was located in the Holy Place on the southern side of the room (see Exodus 26:33-35).  Aaron and his sons were under covenant to maintain the candlestick daily.

“And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.  In the tabernacle of congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the Lord: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on behalf of the children of Israel.” (Exodus 27:20-21).

As this vessel was placed in the Holy Place, it could only be touched and maintained by the priests and High Priest.

Function

The candlestick was the only source of light in the Holy Place.  The walls of the Holy Place on the north and south were the sideboards, which were overlaid with gold.  Assuming this gold was polished, these two walls would have been mirror like, and would have reflected the light of the candlestick in an eternally reflecting image.  The lamps of the candlestick contained pure olive oil which were replenished and trimmed on a daily basis.  This light source allowed the priests to minister in all other functions in the Holy Place.


[1] 0.0311034768 Kg = 1 Troy Oz, 30 Kg = 964.522397058839 x $1,607 (price of gold on 8.4.2012) = $1,549,987.