A mortal human being has a spiritual body which dwells inside a physical body of flesh and blood.
Every human being is comprised of their spirit body, which is housed in a mortal physical body. The spirit of man united with his physical body is defined as the soul of man (see D&C 88:15). An individual therefore becomes a soul, when their spirit enters into their physical body in the womb of their mother. Death occurs when the spirit of man departs from his physical body. Every human being who has ever been a soul on earth will eventually die. Through the resurrection of Jesus Christ, every human being who has died will be resurrected. Resurrection from the dead is the redemption of the soul, or the permanent unification of the spirit of man with a perfect physical body (see D&C 88:16).
Mortal man has two distinct components, a spiritual body, and a physical body. There are many scriptures which provide evidence of this truth.
- “For as the body without the spirit is dead…” (James 2:26)
- “Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.” (Matt. 27:50)
- “And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered unto his people.” (Gen. 49:33)
- “And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the LORD, and said, O LORD my God, I pray thee, let this child’s soul come into him again. And the LORD heard the voice of Elijah; and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived.” (1 Kings 17:21-22)
- “But there is a spirit in man: and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.” (Job 32:8)
- “Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak.” (Matt. 26:41)
- “For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God’s.” (1 Cor. 6:20)
- “And the spirit and the body are the soul of man.” (D&C 88:15)
Each of these verses reference two distinct entities of which man is comprised. When death occurs, the spiritual entity leaves the physical body which is no longer able to house it. Gordon B. Hinckley, an Apostle of the Lord Jesus Christ, testified that “each of us is a dual being of spiritual entity and physical entity. All know the reality of death when the body dies, and each of us also know that the spirit lives on as an individual entity and that at some time, under the divine plan made possible by the sacrifice of the Son of God, there will be a reunion of spirit and body. Jesus’ declaration that God is a spirit no more denies that he has a body than does the statement that I am a spirit while also having a body.” These witnesses, or evidence provided by these scriptures and Apostolic statements is conclusive proof that every mortal man is comprised of a spirit body, and a physical body.
God the Father, is the father of each man’s individual spirit body. The following scriptures provide evidence of this truth.
- “And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh…” (Num. 16:22)
- “Forasmuch then as we are the offspring of God, we ought not to think that the Godhead is like unto gold, or silver, or stone, graven by art and man’s device.” (Acts 17:29)
- “Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” (Eccl. 12:7)
- “The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit; that we are the children of God” (Rom. 8:15)
- “…I am God, I made the world, and men before they were in the flesh.” (Moses 6:51)
Every human being who has ever lived on this Earth, is a spiritual entity housed inside a mortal physical body. The creator of our spiritual entity is God the Father, we are his offspring. Every person is therefore a spiritual child of God the Father.
Thanks to the divine sacrifice of Jesus the Christ, all mankind will be resurrected. The resurrection is the permanent reunification of the spiritual body and the physical body. Jesus the Christ was the first individual to be resurrected on this Earth. “But now Christ is risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept” (1 Cor. 15:20). As referenced earlier in Matt. 27:50, when Jesus died on a Friday, his spirit left his physical body. Three days later on Sunday, his spirit was permanently united with his physical body. Later that same day, Jesus appeared unto the apostles and clearly and indisputably demonstrated the nature of the resurrection.
“And as they spake, Jesus himself stood in the midst of them, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. But they were terrified and affrighted, and supposed they had seen a spirit. And he said unto them, why are ye troubled? And why do thoughts arise in your hearts? Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.” (Luke 24:36-39)
After the resurrection of Jesus Christ, many righteous individuals were also resurrected and rose from the grave. “And the graves were opened: and many bodies of the saints which slept arose. And came out after his resurrection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many” (Matt. 27:52-53). Every human being that has ever been born upon this Earth will be resurrected. (See Rev. 20:5-13)
The resurrection or reunification of the spirit and physical body is permanent. A mortal man is comprised of his spirit housed in a mortal physical body. A resurrected man is comprised of his spirit permanently housed in an immortal physical body. Jesus the Christ, of the Godhead, is still comprised of his spirit permanently unitified in his immortal and glorified physical body. “I am he that liveth, and was dead; and behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death” (Rev. 1:18). Jesus Christ is alive forevermore. His spirit will never again be separated from his glorified and immortal physical body. The Book of Mormon offers further witness of the reality and permanence of the resurrection.
“Now, behold, I have spoken unto you concerning the death of the mortal body, and also concerning the resurrection of the mortal body. I say unto you that this mortal body is raised to an immortal body, that is from death, even from the first death unto life, that they can die no more; their spirits uniting with their bodies, never to be divided; thus the who becoming spiritual and immortal, that they can no more see corruption.” (Alma 11:45)
After an individual’s resurrection from the dead, they become immortal beings and their spirits never will or can be divided again.
Every mortal human being on this Earth is comprised of their spiritual body which was created by their Eternal Father, and a physical body which was created by their earthly parents. The scriptures testify of this reality according to the law of witnesses, whereby the Bible, the Book of Mormon, the Doctrine and Covenants, and the Pearl of Great Price all establish this truth. Physical death occurs when the physical body is no longer capable of housing its spiritual body. One of the purposes for which God the Father sent His Only Begotten Son, was to vanquish physical death. Everlasting thanks to the atonement of Jesus Christ, all mankind will be resurrected and saved from permanent physical death. Every person who has ever lived will receive an immortal and beautiful physical body. Every individual has a spirit and a physical body made after the likeness and image of their creator. I testify that what I have presented here is true.