“This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.”
The ordinance of the continual burnt offering was a required commandment of the Lord given by statute (as opposed to the private burnt offering which was voluntary). This ordinance of the burnt offering had existed from the time Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden (Gen. 4:4, Moses 5:5) and is central to the Law of Sacrifice. The form of the continual burnt offering is essentially the same as the private burnt offering, with the exception that the only sacrifice that could be offered was a male lamb. Please refer to the private burnt offering page for a detailed account of this type of ordinance and its meaning. Here is a summary of the requirements and the scriptural references.
- Performed and offered by the priests. (Ex. 29:38)
- Sacrifice had to be a male lamb, at least one year old, without physical blemishes. (Num. 38:3)
- Priest would place his hand upon the head of the animal (Lev. 1:4)
- The priest would cut the throat of the lamb on the north side of the altar of burnt offerings. (Lev. 1:11)
- The priest would collect the blood and poor it around the altar of burnt offerings. (Lev. 1:11)
- The priest would then cut up the lamb; the head and fat were immediately burned. (Lev. 1:12, 13)
- The innards and legs would be washed by water and then burnt upon the altar. (Lev. 12, 13)
- The entire lamb was ultimately and entirely burned.
- One lamb sacrificed in the morning in this manner and one in the evening (before sunset). (Ex. 29:39)
- The priest would then offer a meal consisting of part flour and oil (Ex. 29:40).
- The priest would then take a handful of this meal, and burn it upon the altar (Lev. 6:15).
- The priest would then eat the remainder, along with unleavened bread in the courtyard of the tabernacle (Lev. 6:16).
- The priest would then take approximately one liter of wine (1/4th a hin) and pour it out into the bowls upon the table of shewbread (Ex. 29:40, Num. 28:7).
- When one liter was added in the morning, a liter would be removed for the priests to drink outside of the Holy Place.
Daily Continual Burnt Offering
Sabbatical Burnt Offering
Every Sabbath an additional burnt offering of two lambs had to be offered (see Num. 28:9-10). The same requirements of the CBO had to be followed for this sacrifice, and the daily CBO had to still be offered. In short, on the Sabbath, the CBO was offered and an additional two lambs for the Sabbath were offered, for a total of four lambs. Here is an image of the animals that would be offered on the Sabbatical Burnt Offering (SBO).
New Moon Burnt Offering
The new moon was the beginning of a new month in the Hebrew calendar and the New Moon Burnt Offering (NMBO) was required (see Num. 28:11-15). Several additional animals were required in this sacrifice: 2 bulls, 1 ram, and 7 lambs, in addition to the CBO. Here is an image of the animals that would be offered on the NMBO.